Here you can find an overview of our academic publications.

Link to Google Scholar Michiel van Elk

Link to Google Scholar Suzanne Hoogeveen

van Elk, M., Fejer, G., Lempe, P., Prochazckova, L., Kuchar, M., Hajkova, K., & Marschall, J. (2021). Effects of psilocybin microdosing on awe and aesthetic experiences: a preregistered field and lab-based study. Psychopharmacology, 1-16.

Breeksema, J. & van Elk, M., (2021). Working with Weirdness: a response to ‘Moving Past Mysticism in Psychedelic Science’. ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science.

van Elk, M. (2021). Religious delight: a non-functional approach to playful religious experiences. Religion, Brain & Behavior11(2), 224-227.

van Elk, M. (2021). A predictive processing framework of tool use. Cortex.

Ross, R. M., Van Aert, R. C., Van den Akker, O., & Van Elk, M. (2021). The role of meta-analysis and preregistration in assessing the evidence for cleansing effects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

van Elk, M. (2021). Assessing the Religion-Health Relationship: Introduction to the Meta-analysis by Garssen et al., and Two Commentaries. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion.

Hoogeveen, S., & van Elk, M. (2021). Advancing the Cognitive Science of Religion through Replication and Open Science. Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion.

van Elk, M. & Naaman, L., (2020). Religious Unbelief in Israel: A Replication Study Identifying and Characterizing Unbelievers Using Latent Class Analysis. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion.

van Mullukom, V., Patterson, R. & van Elk, M. (2020). Broadening Your Mind to Include Others-The relationship between serotonergic psychedelic experiences and maladaptive narcissism. Psychopharmacology

van Elk, M., Groenendijk, E. & Hoogeveen, S. (2020). Placebo brain stimulation affects subjective but not neurocognitive measures of error processing. Journal of Cognitive Enhancement 4, 389-400.

Hoogeveen, S., Snoek, L., & van Elk, M. (2020). Religious Belief and Cognitive Conflict Sensitivity: A Preregistered fMRI Study. Cortex. 

van Elk, M. (2020). What’s hidden in my filedrawer and what’s in yours? Disclosing Non-published Findings in the Cognitive Science of Religion. Religion, Brain and Behavior. 

van Elk, M. & Maij, D.L.R. & Rutjens, B.T. (2020). Development of a Porous theory of mind scale and the relation with paranormal beliefs. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 20(1-2), 41-65.

van Elk, M. & Rotteveel, M., (2019). Experimentally induced awe does not affect implicit and explicit time perception. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 1-12

Hoogeveen, S., Wagenmakers, E.J., Kay, A.C., & van Elk, M. (2020). Compensatory control and religious beliefs: a registered replication report across two countries. Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology, 1-26

van Elk, M. & Snoek, L., (2019). The Relationship Between Individual Differences in Gray Matter Volume and Religiosity and Mystical Experiences: A Pre-registered Voxel-based Morphometry Study. European Journal of Neuroscience, 51(3), 850-865.

van Elk, M., Arciniegas Gomez, M. A., van der Zwaag, W., van Schie, H.T., & Sauter, D. (2019). The neural correlates of the awe experience: Reduced default mode network activity during feelings of awe. Human Brain Mapping, 40(12), 3561-3574. 

Lifshitz, M., van Elk, M., & Luhrmann, T.M. (2019). Absorption and spiritual experience: A review of evidence and potential mechanisms. Consciousness and Cognition, 73, 102760.

van Elk, M. (2019). Socio-cognitive biases are associated to belief in neuromyths and cognitive enhancement: A pre-registered study. Personality and Individual Differences, 147, 28-32.

Lindeman, M., van Elk, M., Lipsanen, J. Marin, P. & Schjoedt, U. (2019). Religious Unbelief in Western Europe: Identifying and Characterizing Unbeliever Types Using Latent Class Analysis. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 29(3), 184-203.

Maij, D.L.R. & van Elk, M. (2018). Getting absorbed in experimentally induced extraordinary experiences: Effects of placebo brain stimulation on agency detection. Consciousness & Cognition, 66, 1-16.

van Leeuwen, N. & van Elk, M. (2018). Seeking the supernatural: responses to commentaries. Religion, Brain & Behavior 9(3), 267-275

O’Donnell, M., Nelson, L. D., Ackermann, E., Aczel, B., Akhtar, A., Aldrovandi, S., …van Elk, M., … & Balatekin, N. (2018). Registered Replication Report: Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(2), 268-294.

Gervais, W. M., van Elk, M., Xygalatas, D., McKay, R. T., Aveyard, M., Buchtel, E. E., … & Svedholm-Häkkinen, A. M. (2018). Analytic atheism: A cross-culturally weak and fickle phenomenon?. Judgment and Decision Making, 13(3), 268-274.

Hoogeveen, S., Schjoedt, U. & van Elk, M. (2018). Did I do that? Expectancy effects of brain stimulation on error-related negativity and sense of agency. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 30(11)1720-1733.

van Elk, M. & Lodder, P. (2018). Experimental manipulations of control do not increase illusory pattern perception. Collabra, 4(1)

Maij, D.L.R., & van Elk, M. (2018). Evolved priors for agent detection. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 9(1), 92-94.

van Leeuwen, N. & van Elk, M. (2018). Seeking the Supernatural: The Interactive Religious Experience Model. Religion Brain and Behavior, 9(3), 221-251.

Maij, D.L.R., van Elk, M. & Schjoedt, U. (2018). Mystical experiences outside the lab: A pre-registered field study on the role of alcohol in expectancy-driven mystical experiences. Religion, Brain and Behavior, 9(2), 108-125.

Maij, D.L.R., van Harreveld, F., Gervais, W. Schrag, Y., Mohr, C., & van Elk, M. (2017). Mentalizing skills do not differentiate believers from non-believers, but credibility enhancing displays do.  PloS one 12(8), e0182764.

Gervais, W., Xygalatas, D., McKay, R.T., van Elk, M., Buchtel, E.E., Aveyard, M. Schiavone, S.R., Dar-Nimrod, I. Svedholm, A.M. Riekki, T., Klocova, E.K., Ramsay, J.E., Bulbulia, J. (2017). Global evidence of extreme intuitive moral prejudice against atheists. Nature Human Behavior, 1(8), s41562-017.

Maij, D., van Schie, H.T. & van Elk, M. (2017). The Boundary Conditions of the            Hypersensitive Agency Detection Device: An Empirical Investigation of Agency Detection in Threatening Situations. Religion, Brain and Behavior9(1), 23-51.    

van Elk, M., (2017). The self-attribution bias and paranormal beliefs. Consciousness and Cognition, 49, 313-321. 

van Elk, M. & Aleman, A. (2017). Brain Mechanisms in Religion and Spirituality: An Integrative Predictive Processing Framework. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 73, 359-378

Specker, E., van Elk, M., & Tinio, P. (2017). Do You See What I See? An Investigation of the Aesthetic Experience in the Laboratory and Museum. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 11 (3), 265-275

van Elk, M., Rutjens, B., & van Harreveld, F. (2017). Why are Protestants more prosocial than Catholics? A comparative study among orthodox Dutch believers. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 27(1), 65-81.

van Elk, M., Duizer, M., Sligte, I., & van Schie, H.T. (2016). Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation of the right temporo-parietal junction impairs 3rd person perspective taking. Cognitive and Affective Behavioral Neuroscience, 17 (1), 9-23.

van Elk, M. & Wagenmakers, E.J. (2017). Can the experimental study of religion be advanced using a Bayesian predictive framework? Religion, Brain and Behavior.

Salomon, R., Fernandez, N.B., van Elk, M., Vachicouras, N., Sabatier, F., Tychinskaya, A., Llobera, J. & Blanke, O. (2016). Changing motor perception by sensorimotor conflicts and body ownership. Scientific reports, 6.

Rutjens, B. T., van Harreveld, F., van der Pligt, J., van Elk, M., & Pyszczynski, T. (2016).  A march to a better world? Religiosity and the existential function of belief in social-moral progress. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 26(1), 1-15.

van Elk, M. & Zwaan, R. (2016). Predictive processing and situation models: constructing and reconstructing religious experience. Religion, Brain & Behavior, 7(1), 85-87.

Faber, T.W., van Elk, M. & Jonas, K. (2016) Complementary hand responses occur in both peri- and extrapersonal space. PLoS ONE 11(4), e0154457.

van Elk, M., Rutjens, B., van Harreveld, F., & van der Pligt, J. (2016). Priming of supernatural agent concepts and agency detection. Religion, Brain and Behavior 6(1), 4-33.

Pfeiffer, C., van Elk, M., Bernasconi, F. & Blanke, O. (2016). Distinct vestibular effects on early and late somatosensory cortical processing in humans. NeuroImage 125, 208-219. 

van Elk, M., Karinen, A., Specker, E., Stamkou, E., Baas, M. (2016). ‘Standing in Awe’: The Effects of Awe on Body Perception and the Relation with Absorption. Collabra 2(1). 

van Elk, M., Matzke, D., Gronau, Q.F., Guang, M. Vandekerckhove, J. & Wagenmakers, E.J.(2015). Meta-Analyses Are No Substitute for Registered Replications: A Skeptical Perspective on Religious Priming. Frontiers in Psychology 6(1365).

van Elk, M., Rutjens, B. & van der Pligt, J. (2015). The development of the illusion of control and sense of agency in 7- to -12-year old children and adults. Cognition 145, 1-12.

van Elk, M. (2015). Perceptual Biases in Relation to Paranormal and Conspiracy Beliefs. PLoS ONE, 10(6), e0130422

Serino, A., Sforza, A. L., Kanayama, N., Elk, M., Kaliuzhna, M., Herbelin, B., & Blanke, O. (2015). Tuning of temporo‐occipital activity by frontal oscillations during virtual mirror exposure causes erroneous self‐recognition. European Journal of Neuroscience 42(8), 2515-2526.

van Elk, M., (2015). An EEG study on the effects of induced spiritual experiences on somatosensory processing and sensory suppression. Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion 2(2), 121-157.

van Elk, M. (2014). The effect of manipulability and religion on the multisensory integration of objects in peripersonal space. Cognitive Neuroscience 5(1), 36-44.

Lodder, P., Rotteveel, M. & van Elk, M. (2014). Enactivism and neonatal imitation: conceptual and empirical considerations and clarifications. Frontiers in Psychology 5(967).

van Elk, M., Salomon, R., Kannape, O., & Blanke, O. (2014). Suppression of the N1 auditory evoked potential for sounds generated by the upper and lower limbs. Biological Psychology 102, 108-117.

van Elk, M. (2014). The left Inferior Parietal Lobe represents stored hand-postures for object use and action prediction. Frontiers in Psychology 5(333), 

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2014). The scope and limits of action semantics. Reply to comments on ‘Action Semantics: A unifying conceptual framework for the selective use of multimodal and modality-specific object knowledge’. Physics of Life Reviews 11(2), 273-279. 

van Elk, M., Lenggenhager, B., Heydrich, L. & Blanke, O. (2014). Suppression of the auditory N1-component for heartbeat-related sounds reflects interoceptive predictive coding. Biological Psychology 99, 172-182.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2014). Action semantics: A unifying conceptual framework for the selective use of multimodal and modality-specific object knowledge. Physics of Life Reviews 11(2), 220-250. 

van Elk, M. & Blanke, O. (2014). Imagined own body transformations during passive self motion. Psychological Research 78(1), 18-27. 

van Elk, M. (2013). Paranormal believers are more prone to illusory agency detection than skeptics. Consciousness & Cognition 22(3), 1041-1046.

Sengül, A., Rognini, G., van Elk, M., Aspell, J., Bleuler, H., Blanke, O. (2013). Force feedback facilitates multisensory integration during robotic tool use. Experimental Brain Research, 227(4), 497-507.

van Elk, M., Forget, J. & Blanke, O. (2013). The effect of limb crossing and limb congruency on multisensory integration in peripersonal space for the upper and lower extremities. Consciousness & Cognition 22(2), 545-555.

Sengül, A., van Elk, M., Rognini, G., Aspell, J., Bleuler, H. & Blanke, O. (2012).  Extending the body to virtual tools using a robotic surgical interface: evidence from the crossmodal congruency task. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e49473.

van Elk, M. & Blanke, O. (2012). Balancing bistable perception during self-motion. Experimental Brain Research 222(3), 219-228.

Salomon, R., van Elk, M., Aspell, J. & Blanke O., (2012). I feel who I see: Visual body identity affects visual-tactile integration in peripersonal space. Consciousness & Cognition 21(3), 1355-1364.

de Bruin, L, van Elk, M., & Newen, A. (2012). Reconceptualizing second-person interaction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 6(151), 1-10. 

van Elk, M., Bousardt, R., Bekkering, H., & van Schie, H.T. (2012). Using goal- and grip-related information for understanding the correctness of other’s actions: an ERP study. PLoS ONE, 7(5), 1-8.

Paulus, M., van Elk, M. & Bekkering, H. (2012). Acquiring functional object knowledge through motor imagery? Experimental Brain Research, 218(2), 181–188.

van Elk, M., Viswanathan, S., van Schie, H.T., Bekkering, H. & Grafton, S. (2012). Pouring or chilling a bottle of wine: An fMRI study on the prospective planning of object-directed actions. Experimental Brain Research, 218(2), 189-200.

Paulus, M., Hunnius, S., van Elk, M., & Bekkering, H. (2012). How learning to shake a rattle affects 8-month-old infants’ perception of the rattle’s sound: Electrophysiological evidence for action-effect binding in infancy. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 2, 90-96. 

van Elk, M. & Blanke, O. (2011). The relation between body semantics and spatial body representations. Acta Psychologica, 138(3), 347-58.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2011). Imitation of hand and tool actions is effector-independent. Experimental Brain Research, 214(4), 539-547.

van Elk, M. & Blanke, O. (2011). Manipulable objects facilitate cross-modal integration in peripersonal space. PLoS ONE, 6(9), 3-7.

van Elk, M., Paulus, M., Pfeiffer, C., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2011). Learning to use novel objects: a training study on the acquisition of novel action representations. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 1304-14.

van Elk, M. & Blanke, O. (2011). Bodily self-consciousness and the primacy of self related signals such as the 1st person perspective and self-location. Cognitive Neuroscience, 2(2), 123-124.

Meyer, M., Hunnius, S., van Elk, M., van Eede, F. & Bekkering, H. (2011). Joint action modulates motor system involvement during action observation in 3-year-olds. Experimental Brain Research, 211, 581-591.

van Elk, M., Slors, M. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Embodied language understanding requires an enactivist paradigm of cognition. Frontiers in Psychology 1:234.

van Elk, M., Crajé, C., Beeren, M.E.G.V., Steenbergen, B., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Neural evidence for compromised motor imagery in right hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Frontiers in Neurology 1:150.

van Elk, M., Crajé, C., Beeren, M.E.G.V., Steenbergen, B., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Neural evidence for impaired action selection in right hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Brain Research, 1349, 56-67. 

Crajé, C., van Elk, M., Beeren, M.E.G.V., van Schie, H.T., Steenbergen, B. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Compromised motor planning and motor imagery in right hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31(6), 1313-22.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T., Neggers, B. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Neural and temporal dynamics underlying visual selection for action.  Journal of Neurophysiology, 104(2), 972-83. 

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2010). From left to right: Processing acronyms referring to names of political parties activates spatial associations. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63(11), 22202-19.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2010). The N400-concreteness effect reflects the retrieval of semantic information for action. Biological Psychology, 85(1), 134-42.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T., Zwaan, R.A. & Bekkering, H. (2010). The functional role of motor resonance in language processing: motor-cortical oscillations support lexical-semantic retrieval. Neuroimage, 50(2), 665-677.

Stapel, J.C., Hunnius, S., van Elk, M. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Motor activation during observation of unusual versus ordinary actions in infancy. Social Neuroscience, 5, 451-460.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T., van den Heuvel, R. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Semantics in the motor system: motor-cortical beta oscillations reflect semantic knowledge of end-postures for object use. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4(8).

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering (2010). Dorsal stream areas process action semantics. Cognitive Neuroscience, 1(1), 70.

Rueschemeyer, S.A., Lindemann, O., van Elk, M. & Bekkering, H. (2010). Embodied cognition: The interplay between automatic resonance and selection-for-action mechanisms. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39(7), 1180-1187.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2009). Semantic knowledge about objects is supported by functional motor activation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 35(4), 1118-1128.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2009). Short-term action intentions overrule long-term semantic knowledge. Cognition, 111(1),72-83.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T., Hunnius, H., Vesper, C. & Bekkering, H. (2008). You’ll never crawl alone: Neurophysiological evidence for motor resonance in infancy. Neuroimage, 43(4), 808-814.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2008). Semantics in Action: An electrophysiological study on the use of semantic knowledge for action. Journal of Physiology – Paris, (102), 95-100.

van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T. & Bekkering, H. (2008). Conceptual knowledge for understanding other’s actions is organized primarily around action goals. Experimental Brain Research, 189(1), 99-107.

van Elk, M. (2007) Cognitive science meets the design plan. South African Journal of Philosophy, 26 (3), 319-328.

Book Chapters

6. van Elk, M. (2020. Trippen met de Godhelm. In: R. van der Houwen-Jelles, de Jong, M. de Nood, M. Allemaal Wonderen. Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht, p. 42-55.

5. Schjoedt, U. & van Elk, M. (2020). Neuroscience of Religion. In: Barret, J.L., (ed.). The Oxford handbook for the cognitive science of religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

4. Ihm, E.D., Paloutzian, R.F., van Elk, M. & Schooler, J.W. (2019). Awe as a Meaning-Making Emotion: On the Evolution of Awe and the Origin of Religions. In: J.R. Feierman & L. Oviedo (eds.). The evolution of religion, religiosity, and theology : a multi-level and multi-disciplinary approach. New York (NY): Routledge. 

3. van Elk, M. & Bekkering, H. (2018). The embodiment of concepts: theoretical perspectives and the role of predictive processing. In: Gallagher, S., Newen, A., de Bruijn, L. (eds.). The Oxford handbook of 4E cognition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

2. van Elk, M., Friston, K. & Bekkering, H. (2016) The experience of coincidence: an integrated psychological and neurocognitive perspective. In: N. ter Berg, K. Landsman, C. Lüthy, E. van Wolde (eds.) The Challenge of Chance. Springer-Verlag. 

1. van Elk, M., van Schie, H.T., Lindemann, O. & Bekkering, H. (2007) Using conceptual knowledge in action and language. In: P. Haggard, Y. Rossetti & M. Kawato (eds.) Attention and Performance XXII: Sensorimotor foundations of higher cognition.Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 575-599.


van Elk, M. (2019). Replication and Open Science in the Psychology of Religion: Editorial to the Special Issue. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 29(4), 227-229.

van Elk, M., Rowatt, W., Streib, H. (2017). Good dog, bad dog: introducing open science badges. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 28(1), 1-2.


M. van Elk & S. Hunnius (2018). Het Babybrein: Alles wat ouders moeten weten over de ontwikkeling van de hersenen bij baby’s. Amsterdam: Bert Bakker. 

M. van Elk (2017). Extase: Over de Godhelm en andere religieuze experimenten. Amsterdam: Boom Uitgevers.

M. van Elk (2012). De Gelovige Geest: Op zoek naar de biologische en psychologische wortels van religie. Amsterdam: Bert Bakker. 

M. van Elk & S. Hunnius (2010). Het Babybrein: Over de ontwikkeling van de hersenen bij baby’s. Amsterdam: Bert Bakker. 

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